Guam World War II Place-Based Learning Activities

Pacific Historic Parks helps teachers and students explore the history and lessons of World War II

on Guam. We host guided tours, outreach presentations, educational programming,

teacher professional development seminars, and conferences. 

Curriculum

Fonte Plateau

Features

The highland of Fonte was renamed Nimitz Hill. At the rear of the plateau is a concrete bunker with two concrete arch entrances. This structure was a major Japanese naval communications center during World War II. The Japanese communications center is now commonly called Fonte Plateau. When entering the bunker, there is a narrow hallway that leads into a larger, empty space. There are wires still hanging form the ceiling of the bunker. Within the east entrance is a concrete platform that may have been used by the Japanese as a generator platform.

 

What to Expect

Unpaved parking area. No paved walkways. No restrooms. No running water. No picnic tables. Trash receptacles are placed near the parking lot. No seating area. The bunker is dark and has no electricity. Normally, the doors of Fonte Plateau remain locked. If you wish to enter the bunker with your students, please contact the Pacific Historic Parks Education Department to unlock the door for your field trip.

T. Stell Newman Visitor Center

Features

The T. Stell Newman Visitor Center has an exhibit hall that is organized into modules, each with a different theme. Modules include interactive activities such as exploring themed scrapbooks, holding artifact replicas, and listening to authentic historic recordings. Youth can also experience the interactive digital features, such as the World War II Timeline, Guam’s Watershed model, and a survival program. There is a laser show in which viewers observe three flat panel monitors, a large topographic map, and lasers to learn about the details of the Battle of Guam. Three media stations hold dozens of short videos that offer narration and captions in English and Japanese. Groups of up to 50 persons can use the theater to view a ten-minute film with captions titled, “The Battle for Guam.” The movie is available in English, Japanese, Mandarin, and Korean.

 

What to Expect

The Visitor Center is open daily from 9am to 4:30 pm. The building is enclosed with air conditioning and carpeting. Restroom facilities are available. Food and drinks are not allowed inside the building. Reserved parking spaces are available with accessible walkways to the visitor center. A free manual wheelchair loan is available on a first-come, first-served basis. The Pacific Historic Parks museum store is located in the Visitor Center and holds an impressive collection of educational publications on the Pacific War, Guam history, and the natural and cultural resources of this region.

Piti Guns

Features

Situated above the hills of Piti are three Japanese coastal defense guns. They are the only guns in the park that are still in their original emplacements. The guns were installed through Chamorro forced labor. Piti Guns is also home to various plants, such as African tulip trees, betel nut palm trees, spider lilies, kamachile, and hibiscus. Mahogany trees that were planted in this area as a result of the Guam Agricultural Experiment Station (1909-1932) and agricultural school (1932-1940) remain and can be seen on the trail today.

 

What to Expect

The trailhead is located at the base of the hill. The trail begins with a concrete stairway and then ascends steeply through thick coastal jungle. Use caution as the trail and stairs may be slippery. No restrooms. No running water. No picnic tables. Trash receptacles are found at the trailhead. The trail is narrow in some areas so approximately 30 pax should visit this park site at one time. The unpaved parking area is located left of the Piti Catholic Church social hall building.

Ga'an Point

Features

World War II Japanese fortifications are still intact at Ga’an Point, such as two pillboxes and several small cave shelters. One pillbox is built into a limestone knoll and the second has an observation post on top of it. There are also two guns situated near the beach. One is a 25mm anti-aircraft gun and the other is a 200mm coastal defense gun. Three national flags are on display to honor the nations involved in the Battle for Guam. Native and endemic plants grow throughout the site.

 

What to Expect

Restroom facilities are available daily from 7am to 5pm. Reserved parking spaces are available with accessible walkways leading to Japanese guns and pillboxes. There are two picnic tables with minimal shade. Trash receptacles are placed throughout the park.

Asan Beach

Features

Asan Beach contains many historic resources preserved from our island’s rich past, such as Japanese pillboxes, caves, and tunnels. At the tip of the point is the Liberator's Memorial, a structure erected in 1994 to honor all US forces involved in the recapture of Guam. Along the beach there are two Mabini monuments honoring the exiled Filipinos. Two other nearby monuments – Monument for the 3rd Marine Division and the US Landing Monument – honor the men who came ashore here on July 21, 1944. There is a grassy trail behind the restrooms where visitors can find placards that identify six culturally significant plants. The trail winds through the limestone forest while offering a breathtaking view of the Asan Invasion Beach from the top. A Japanese gun emplacement reinforced with metal beams can also be found along the Ridge Trail.

What to Expect

Restroom facilities are available daily from 7am to 5pm. Asan Beach grounds are landscaped and manicured, with the grass cut regularly and coconut trees lining the beach shores. There are eight picnic tables along the beach shore with minimal shade from coconut trees. Large trees near the ridge alongside the restrooms provide larger, shadier areas for picnics. Reserved parking spaces are available with accessible walkways leading to the monuments and Asan Point. One walkway begins near the shore at the eastern part of Asan parking lot and leads to various memorials and loops around the flat, grassy areas of the park. To the west is a circular concrete trail path that encircles the Liberators’ Memorial. Trash receptacles are placed throughout the park.

Asan Bay Overlook

Features

Asan Bay Overlook features the Memorial Wall that honors four groups of people: (1) US servicemen who died between December 8, 1941 and October 22, 1942 against the attacking Japanese armed forces on Guam, (2) US servicemen who died during the Battle for Guam from July 21, 1944 to August 10, 1944, (3) Names of the people of Guam who lost their lives from December 8, 1941 to August 10, 1944, and (4) Names of the people of Guam who suffered personal injury, forced labor, forced march or internment from December 8, 1941 to August 10, 1944. There are several commemorative bronze sculptures that depict events on Guam during the World War II Japanese occupation and battle in 1944. There is a panoramic view of the villages of Asan and Piti, and a special monument dedicated to the first CHamoru U.S. Navy casualties of World War II.

 

What to Expect

Accessible from 7am to 5pm. Reserved parking spaces are available with accessible walkways leading to the view points and memorial wall. No restrooms. No running water. No picnic tables. Trash receptacles are placed near the parking lot. The area contains a concrete shaded area with seating for approximately 20pax. The Memorial Wall area contains a seating area with no shade for approximately 30 pax.

Apaca Point

Features

Apaca Point features a sandy beach with scenic limestone formations located right offshore. A reinforced concrete Japanese pillbox is also located along the southeast corner near the water. A tunnel from the shore leads to the interior of the pillbox, where two gun slits would have allowed for automatic weapon and rifle support with a wide field of fire.

What to Expect

The area contains a picnic area with five picnic tables on a concrete shaded by the trees. No restrooms. No running water. Trash receptacles are placed near the parking lot. Reserved parking spaces are available with accessible walkways leading to a accessible picnic area.

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acific Historic Parks is a 501(c)(3) Non-profit Organization, Tax ID 99-0194501