War in the Pacific National Historical Park

War in the Pacific National Historical Park preserves former World War II battlefield landscapes of Guam from the offshore waters, to the landing beaches, to the high ground – all places that youth can explore to understand their island’s rich history and culture. Young children become immersed in park themes through song, story, and art. Literacy skills are enhanced through reading books focused on the people, places, and events of World War II. The park’s habitats support a diversity of life that can be explored from ridge to reef. Middle school students analyze memorials and monuments to discover the impact of World War II. History comes to life at the T. Stell Newman Visitor Center when high school students become historical figures while cultivating a sense of civic engagement.

Curriculum

Fonte Plateau

Fonte Plateau Communications Center

Grades 3-4

Communication is essential for survival in wartime. Take your students to this historical site to examine the role of communication among soldiers during battle. Students will learn more about communication equipment and discuss ways in which communication methods over time have changed. This worksheet fulfills the following Guam Department of Education standards:

  • Grade 3 Social Studies Standard 3.1.4

  • Grade 4 Social Studies Standard 4.2.11

Familiarize with Fonte Plateau

Grades 9-12

The Japanese communications center on Fonte Plateau is embedded into Nimitz Hill and camouflaged by surrounding jungle. Bring flashlights when you and your students visit this fascinating historical site and analyze why it was an ideal location for a communications center. This worksheet can be completed using the War in the Pacific National Historical Park’s mobile web app. Students can listen to the compelling story of Japanese Lieutenant General Takashina Takashi at this very site. Mobile devices with data required. This worksheet fulfills the following Guam Department of Education standards:

  • High School Guam History Standard GH.3.2

  • High School US History from Ancient Times to Present Standard US.2.14

  • High School World Geography Standard WG.3.8

  • High School World History from Ancient Times to Present Standard WH.3.1

T. Stell Newman Visitor Center

Unsung Heroes

Grades 4-5

Throughout the Pacific, islanders were trapped between global warring nations and were deeply impacted by a war not of their making. Bring your students to the T. Stell Newman Visitor to learn about Guam Insular Guardsman Pete Cruz, Catholic Priest Jesus Baza Duenas, Educator Agueda I Johnston, and other countless men and women who endured invasion, occupation, and warfare. This worksheet fulfills the following Guam Department of Education standard:

  • Grade 4 Social Studies Standard 4.2.11

  • Grade 5 History Standard 5.2.2

Guam Guardians

Grades 4-5

An astounding number of organisms live in and around the park’s reefs. Human impact continues to take a toll on these vulnerable natural resources. Bring your students to the T. Stell Newman Visitor Center to learn how human practices harm the environment and what we can do to help protect our land and waters. This worksheet fulfills the following Guam Department of Education standards:

  • Grade 4 Social Studies Standard 4.3.2

  • Grade 5 Science Standards 5.2.4

World War II Innovations of Communications

Grades 6-8

Take your students on a technological journey to the past! Using T. Stell Newman Visitor Center exhibits, students can discover the types of technologies that were used during World War II. Students will learn about the devices that helped wartime civilians keep abreast of current events, as well as how the famous Navajo Code Talkers used technology to keep one step ahead of Axis powers. This worksheet fulfills the following Guam Department of Education standards:

  • 6th Grade Science Standard 6.5.2, 6.5.3

  • 7th Grade Science Standard 7.5.2, 7.5.4

  • 8th Grade Science Standard 8.5.2, 8.5.4

The Chamorro Experience

Grades 9-12

War in the Pacific National Historical Park commemorates the unique experiences of the Chamorro people during World War II. Bring your students to the T. Stell Newman Visitor Center to discover their stories firsthand. Students will learn about the tragedy of war and the hope for reconciliation. This worksheet fulfills the following Guam Department of Education standards:

  • High School Guam History Standard GH.2.3

  • High School U.S. History from Ancient Times to Present Standard US.2.14

  • High School World History from Ancient Times to Present WH.2.26

Understanding World War II with Artifacts

Grades 9-12

The park museum collection of more than 100,000 items includes World War II photographs, artifacts, war memorabilia, and oral histories that help tell the diverse stories of the Pacific War and the war years on Guam. Bring your students to the T. Stell Newman Visitor Center to identify and analyze the artifacts currently on display in the exhibit hall. This worksheet fulfills the following Guam Department of Education standards:

  • High School Guam History Standard GH.2.1

  • High School U.S. History from Ancient Times to Present Standard US.1.1

  • High School World History from Ancient Times to Present WH.2.26

Piti Guns

Multiple Perspectives at Piti Guns

Grades 9-12

In December 1941, the island of Guam was taken over the by the Japanese Army. Ruling the island for over two and a half years, they made efforts to heavily fortify the terrain surrounding Guam’s coasts and cliffs. See the remnants of the war and see the guns that were installed in the hills of the village of Piti. Use this worksheet with your students to find out what happened at this historical site from the perspectives of American soldiers, Japanese soldiers, and the CHamoru. This worksheet fulfills the following Guam Department of Education standards:

  • High School Guam History Standard GH.2.3

  • High School US Hitory from Ancient Time to Present Standard US.2.13

  • High School World Geography Standard WG.3.1

  • High School World Histroy from Ancient Time to Present Standard WH.2.26

Hike to Historic Piti Guns

Japanese Language

Piti Guns consists of wayside exhibits that illustrate the stories that took place on this hill in the following languages: English, Japanese, and CHamoru. Students taking a Japanese World Language course will be able to apply their knowledge beyond the school setting by walking through the trail and observing the signs along the path. This worksheet fulfills the following Guam Department of Education standards:

  • High School Course 1 World Languages Standard 1WL. 2.1

  • High School Course 2 World Languages Standard 2WL.2.3

  • High School Course 3 World Languages Standard 3WL.3.2

  • High School Course 4 World Languages Standard 4WL.6.1

The Silent Guns

Grade 4

Today, three World War II guns rest silently within a mahogany forest in the hills of Piti. During the war, the hasty efforts by the Japanese military to fortify the island were never fully completed. Take a trip to the past with your students and ascend through the steep, thick, coastal jungle, reminiscent of the challenging terrain negotiated by both Japanese and US troops during World War II. This worksheet fulfills the following Guam Department of Education standard:

  • Grade 4 Guam History Standard 4.2.11

History in the Hills/Hestoria siha gi Ekso’

Grades 9-12

Piti Guns consists of wayside exhibits that illustrate the stories that took place on this hill in the following languages: English, Japanese, and CHamoru. Students taking a CHamoru course will be able to apply their knowledge beyond the school setting by walking through the trail and observing the signs along the path. This worksheet fulfills the following Guam Department of Education standards:

  • Grade 4 Guam History Standard 4.2.11

  • High School Course 1 World Languages Standard 1WL.2.1

  • High School Course 2 World Languages Standard 2WL.2.3

  • High School Course 3 World Languages Standard 3WL.3.2

  • High School Course 4 World Languages Standard 4WL.6.1

Piti Guns Trail

Grade 6

The Piti Guns or Piti Coastal Defense Guns is the site of three Vickers, type Model 3 coastal defense guns. They are unique reminders of the people throughout history who have found Guam as a valuable asset and have left behind evidence for others to discover. As your students go along the Piti Guns trail, use the signs along the path to answer the questions. This worksheet fulfills the following Guam Department of Education standard:

  • Grade 6 World History from Ancient Times to Present Standard 6.2.14

Native or Not

Grades 9-12

In 1928, Mahogany trees were planted in the Piti Guns area as part of the historic Agricultural Experiment Station. Over seven decades later, the flora and fauna along the Piti Guns trail have changed drastically. With the help of this worksheet, students can identify native, non-native, and invasive trees along the path and draw conclusions about which type of tree is the most dominant. This worksheet fulfills the following Guam Department of Education standards:

  • High School Biology Standard BI.2.27

  • High School Biology Standard BI.2.29

  • High School Biology Standard BI.2.30

Ga'an Point

Ga’an Point “I-Spy” Plant Search

Grades Kindergarten - 1

Ga’an Point is home to a variety of native plants, such as reeds, Morning Glory flowers, pandanus trees, and Hibiscus flowers. Use this tally mark and 10-frame worksheet at the park to assist students in retaining new information while having fun with collecting and comparing data. This worksheet fulfills the following Guam Common Core State standard:

  • Kindergarten Math K.CC.4b

  • Grade 1 Math 1.14.1

Dare to Compare

Grade 1

Get your 1st graders thinking about native plant life at Ga’an Point. Students explore four native plants by using their observational skills to figure out which flower, leaf, or fruit belongs to each plant. Then students can compare their findings to answer questions about the different traits of each plant. This worksheet fulfills the following Guam Department of Education standards:

  • Grade 1 Science 1.2.22

Be the Poet: Write a Haiku at Ga’an Point

Grades 6-8

Alongside Ga’an Point’s historical structures are an abundance of tall coconut trees that line the beachfront. The national park service has taken measures against the Coconut Rhinoceros Beetle — an invasive beetle which has exhausted this significant cultural and natural resource. Take your students on a field trip to see firsthand how this invasive species impacts Guam’s coconut trees. Students will use this worksheet to practice their observation skills and write a haiku using different senses, descriptive words, and/or literacy devices. This worksheet fulfills the following Guam Common Core State Standards:

  • Grade 6 English Language Arts 6.RL.7

  • Grade 7 English Language Arts 7.RL.4

  • Grade 8 English Language Arts 8.RL.10

Step Back in Time: Ga'an Point Audio Review Worksheet

Grades 6-8

Ga’an Point is one of the southern invasion landing sites for American troops on July 21, 1944. Take students to this former battle site and use this worksheet to transport them back in time. The worksheet is completed using the War in the Pacific National Historical Park’s mobile web app, where students can learn how Japanese soldiers prepared to defend Ga’an Point and visualize one American soldier’s harrowing experience when landing on this very beach. Mobile devices with data required. This worksheet fulfills the following Guam Department of Education standards:

  • Grade 6 Social Studies Standard 6.2.14

  • Grade 7 Social Studies Standard 7.2.1

  • Grade 8 Social Studies Standard 8.2.9

Ga'an Point History Hunt

Grades 6-12

The 1st Provisional Marine Brigade and the 77th Army Infantry Division came ashore Ga’an Point on July 21, 1944 and faced intense fire and resistance from the Japanese. The limestone crop found at this site was once a disguised Japanese fortress that poured deadly fire on the US troops landing here. Take your students on a field trip and use this worksheet to find out more about what happened at this historic location by exploring and reading the signs installed around the park. This worksheet fulfills the following Guam Department of Education standards:

  • Grade 6 Social Studies Standard 6.2.14

  • Grade 7 Social Studies Standard 7.3.1

  • Grade 8 Social Studies Standard 8.2.9

  • High School Guam History Standard GH.2.3

  • High School US History from Ancient Times to Present Standard US.2.14

  • High School World Geography Standard WG.3.8

  • High School World History from Ancient Times to Present Standard WH.2.26

Asan Beach

Asan Beach Habitats

Grades Kindergarten - 1

War in the Pacific National Historical Park protects 1,000 acres of submerged lands and another 800 acres of native limestone forest and savannah grasslands. Take students to the park to experience the unique sights and sounds of various habitats found at Asan Beach. This worksheet fulfills the following Guam Department of Education standards:

  • Grade 2 Science Standard 2.1.1

  • Grade 3 Science Standard 3.4.5

Asan Beach U.S. Landing Monument

Grades 2-5

On July 21, 1941, US Navy ships bombarded the island while the US 3rd Marine Division rushed ashore to retake Guam from the Japanese military. The US Landing Monument was erected along Asan Beach and is dedicated to the Marines who fought here. Use this worksheet to help students understand the symbolism of the United States Marine Corps and the actions of their soldiers. This worksheet fulfills the following Guam Department of Education standards:

  • Grade 2 Social Studies Standard 2.2.4

  • Grade 3 Social Studies Standard 3.1.4

  • Grade 4 Social Studies Standard 4.2.12

  • Grade 5 Social Studies Standard 5.2.2

Asan Beach Gun Emplacement Photo Analysis

Grades 6-8

During World War II, hillsides and cliffs were used by the Japanese to build defensive structures. Use this worksheet to help students practice analyzing a historical photo of a defense structure found at Asan Beach. Students will analyze the photo before and after visiting a real gun emplacement at Asan Point and reflect on how lands and the structures on it change over time. This worksheet fulfills the following Guam Department of Education standards:

  • Grade 6 Social Studies Standard 6.3.1

  • Grade 7 Social Studies Standard 7.3.2

  • Grade 8 Social Studies Standard 8.2.9

Botanical Blitz at Asan Beach

Grades 9-12

Did you know that in a 2008 survey, approximately 44% of the plant species identified at War in the Pacific National Historical Park are indigenous to Guam and the Mariana Islands? Take your students on a plant tour and lead them along the trail to identify plants and learn about the cultural and medicinal uses of each. This worksheet fulfills the following Guam Department of Education standards:

  • High School Physical Science Standard PS.1.4

  • High School Biology Science Standard BI.1.5

Identifying Marine Life at Asan Beach

Grades 9-12

War in the Pacific National Historical Park contains more species of corals, fish, and invertebrates than any other national park. The biodiversity throughout this park is rarely matched anywhere in the world. Take you students to the park to discover the different types of marine animals of Asan Beach. Use this worksheet to highlight the differences between cnidarians, mollusks, arthropod, and echinoderms at your park. This worksheet fulfills the following Guam Department of Education standards:

  • High School Physical Science Standard PS.1.4

  • High School Biology Science Standard BI.1.5

Asan Bay Overlook

Asan Bay Overlook Plaque Analysis

Grades 3-5

Asan Bay Overlook serves as a memorial to those that lost their lives and of those who suffered atrocities during the war. It features unique bronze sculptures that depict the events on Guam during the Japanese occupation in 1941-1944. Students examine one of the bronze plaques and analyze the symbols found on it to understand the message the artist conveys to park visitors. This worksheet fulfills the following Guam Department of Education standards:

  • Grade 3 Social Studies Standard 3.1.4

  • Grade 4 Social Studies Standard 4.1.7

  • Grade 5 Social Studies Standard 5.5.2

Asan Bay Overlook Memorial Wall Stone Rubbing

Grades 6-12

Take your students on a field trip to observe the etched names of men who bravely fought on the front lines and the names of the civilians who suffered the consequences of nations at war, many paying the ultimate sacrifice. Bring a lead pencil and use this worksheet to make a pencil rubbing of a person’s name on the memorial wall of black granite. Students may take this piece of history home with them to share with their families or conduct further research about the life of their chosen person. This worksheet fulfills the following Guam Department of Education standards:

  • Grade 6 Social Studies Standard 6.4.1

  • Grade 7 Social Studies Standard 7.1.1

  • Grade 8 Social Studies Standard 8.2.9

  • High School Guam History Standard GH.2.3

  • High School US History from Ancient Times to Present Standard US.2.14

  • High School World Geography Standard WG.4.1

  • High School World History from Ancient Times to Present Standard WH.2.26

Asan Bay Overlook: Battle for Guam

Grades 9-12

Asan Bay Overlook offers a view of the landing beaches used by Marines during the Battle of Guam in July 1944. Use this worksheet to imagine how the battle played out below on this historic battlefield. Students get a bird’s eye view from Asan Bay Overlook to learn about the inland offensive, banzai charges, and the importance of Apra Harbor. This worksheet fulfills the following Guam Department of Education standards:

  • High School Guam History Standard GH.2.3

  • High School US History from Ancient Times to Present Standard US.2.14

  • High School World Geography Standard WG.3.2

  • High School World History from Ancient Times to Present Standard WH.2.26

Apaca Point

Senses at Apaca Point

Grades Kindergarten - 1

Apaca Point’s pillboxes are a tangible reminder of the Japanese Occupation on Guam. Students can engage in the site’s history by using four of their senses: touch, smell, sight, and sound. With the help of pictures, students can answer questions that engage their senses and teach them to distinguish between different textures, smells, shapes, and sounds. This worksheet fulfills the following Guam Department of Education standards:

  • Kindergarten Science Standard K.1.2

  • Grade 1 Science Standard 1.1.1

Pillbox Perspective at Apaca Point

Grades 3-5

The pillbox at Apaca Point is an excellent representation of an intricate Japanese defensive fortification. Bring your students on a field trip to see and touch this historic World War II pillbox that is built directly into the limestone. Use this worksheet to guide your students on a field trip that helps them gain a new perspective of the fighting in the Battle for Guam. This worksheet fulfills the following Guam Department of Education standards:

  • Grade 3 Social Studies Standard 3.1.4

  • Grade 4 Social Studies Standard 4.2.2

  • Grade 5 Social Studies Standard 5.3.1

Asan Bay Overlook: Battle for Guam

Grades 9-12

Today, three World War II guns rest silently within a mahogany forest in the hills of Piti. During the war, the hasty efforts by the Japanese military to fortify the island were never fully completed. Take a trip to the past with your students and ascend through the steep, thick, coastal jungle, reminiscent of the challenging terrain negotiated by both Japanese and US troops during World War II. This worksheet fulfills the following Guam Department of Education standard:

  • Grade 4 Guam History Standard 4.2.11

Eco-Explorers!

Grades 3-5

Apaca Point contains a beach strand community that is home to various plants and animals and provides a laboratory for scientific inquiry and research. Students get an up-close and personal look at the animals living along Apaca Point’s shore. Use this worksheet to examine this microcosm and follow up with a discussion on the impact of human behavior on these special creatures. This worksheet fulfills the following Guam Department of Education standards:

  • Grade 3 Science Standard 3.1.2

  • Grade 4 Science Standard 4.1.2

  • Grade 5 Science Standard 5.1.1

Hidden Defenses of Apaca Point

Grade 8

Apaca Point is a historical site from the World War II era known for its natural beauty and intricate Japanese defense fortifications. Students can tour Apaca Point and use the waysides and the War in the Pacific National Historical Park’s cell phone audio tour to help paint a picture of life at the Point during the Japanese occupation of Guam. This worksheet fulfills the following Guam Department of Education standards:

  • High School Guam History Standard GH.2.1

  • High School Guam History Standard GH.2.3

  • Grade 8 History Standard 8.2.5

  • Grade 8 History Standard 8.2.9

Program Curriculum

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acific Historic Parks is a 501(c)(3) Non-profit Organization, Tax ID 99-0194501